Beam test measurements of Low Gain Avalanche Detector single pads and arrays for the ATLAS High Granularity Timing Detector

C. Allaire, J. Benitez, M. Bomben, G. Calderini, M. Carulla, E. Cavallaro, A. Falou, D. Flores, P. Freeman, Z. Galloway, E. L. Gkougkousis, H. Grabas, S. Grinstein, B. Gruey, S. Guindon, A. M.Henriques Correia, S. Hidalgo, A. Kastanas, C. Labitan, D. LacourJ. Lange, F. Lanni, B. Lenzi, Z. Luce, N. Makovec, G. Marchiori, L. Masetti, A. Merlos, F. McKinney-Martinez, I. Nikolic-Audit, G. Pellegrini, R. Polifka, D. Quirion, A. Rummler, H. F.W. Sadrozinski, A. Seiden, L. Serin, S. Simion, E. Spencer, S. Trincaz-Duvoid, M. Wilder, A. Zatserklyaniy, D. Zerwas, Y. Zhao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2018 CERN. For the high luminosity upgrade of the LHC at CERN, ATLAS is considering the addition of a High Granularity Timing Detector (HGTD) in front of the end cap and forward calorimeters at |z|= 3.5 m and covering the region 2.4 <|η|< 4 to help reducing the effect of pile-up. The chosen sensors are arrays of 50 μm thin Low Gain Avalanche Detectors (LGAD). This paper presents results on single LGAD sensors with a surface area of 1.3×1.3 mm2 and arrays with 2×2 pads with a surface area of 2×2 mm2 or 3×3 mm2 each and different implant doses of the p+ multiplication layer. They are obtained from data collected during a beam test campaign in autumn 2016 with a pion beam of 120 GeV energy at the CERN SPS. In addition to several quantities measured inclusively for each pad, the gain, efficiency and time resolution have been estimated as a function of the position of the incident particle inside the pad by using a beam telescope with a position resolution of few μm. Different methods to measure the time resolution are compared, yielding consistent results. The sensors with a surface area of 1.3×1.3 mm2 have a time resolution of about 40 ps for a gain of 20 and of about 27 ps for a gain of 50 and fulfil the HGTD requirements. Larger sensors have, as expected, a degraded time resolution. All sensors show very good efficiency and time resolution uniformity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberP06017
    JournalJournal of Instrumentation
    Volume13
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2018

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