© 2019 by Turkish Thoracic Society. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) aims to maintain sufficient alveolar ventilation, improve pulmonary gas exchange, assist respiratory muscles, and decrease work of breathing. Monitoring variables such as leaks, tidal volume, and minute ventilation during therapy is crucial to assess the effectiveness of NIV. However, most of the time, leaks and tidal volume are not measured but estimated by NIV devices. Moreover, there are limited data for the accuracy and reliability of these estimations. Herein, we address some technical considerations for tidal volume and leakage estimation during NIV and its impact in clinical practice.
- Non-invasive ventilation
- Tidal volume