Axion thermalization in the early universe

Eduard Massó, Francesc Rota, Gabriel Zsembinszki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


We reanalyze the conditions under which we have a primordial thermal population of axions. We extend a previous study and take into account processes involving gluons and quarks. We conclude that if the Peccei-Quinn scale satisfies (Formula presented) there is thermal axion production. In this case, a period in the early universe exists where axions would interact with the QCD plasma and we point out that nonthermal axions produced before the end of this period would thermalize. © 2002 The American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002


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