Autonomous car parking system through a cooperative vehicular positioning network

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. The increasing development of the automotive industry towards a fully autonomous car has motivated the design of new value-added services in Vehicular Sensor Networks (VSNs). Within the context of VSNs, the autonomous car, with an increasing number of on-board sensors, is a mobile node that exchanges sensed and state information within the VSN. Among all the value added services for VSNs, the design of new intelligent parking management architectures where the autonomous car will coexist with traditional cars is mandatory in order to profit from all the opportunities associated with the increasing intelligence of the new generation of cars. In this work, we design a new smart parking system on top of a VSN that takes into account the heterogeneity of cars and provides guidance to the best parking place for the autonomous car based on a collaborative approach that searches for the common good of all of them measured by the accessibility rate, which is the ratio of the free parking places accessible for an autonomous car. Then, we simulate a real parking lot and the results show that the performance of our system is close to the optimum considering different communication ranges and penetration rates for the autonomous car.
Original languageEnglish
Article number848
JournalSensors
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Autonomous car
  • Smart parking
  • Vehicular communications
  • Vehicular sensor networks

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