Automatic measurement of corrected QT interval in holter recordings: Comparison of its dynamic behavior in patients after myocardial infarction with and without life-threatening arrhythmias

E. Homs, V. Marti, J. Guindo, P. Laguna, X. Vinolas, P. Caminal, R. Elosua, A. Bayes de Luna

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Abstract

This study was designed to determine the value of automatic corrected QT-interval measurement in Holter tapes in patients after myocardial infarction as a marker of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. We compared the corrected QT interval, automatically measured in 24-hour Holter recordings, in two groups of patients after myocardial infarction: group 1 was composed of 14 patients admitted consecutively to our hospital for documented sustained ventricular tachycardia or out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Group II consisted of 28 patients with previous myocardial infarction with characteristics similar to those of group I, but without malignant ventricular arrhythmias in the follow-up. The global mean 24-hour corrected QT interval was longer in group I (425 ± 20 msec) than in those patients after myocardial infarction without arrhythmias (group II) (405 ± 17 msec; p < 0.01). Furthermore, a significant proportion of patients of group I (seven of 14) exhibited more peaks of corrected QT longer than 500 msec compared with patients of group II (two of 28; p < 0.005). A circadian rhythm of corrected QT peaks was observed in group I, having a significantly higher incidence from 11 PM to 11 AM (p < 0.05). We conclude that automatic corrected QT-interval measurement on Holter electrocardiogram is now available and feasible. Our results suggest that this is a marker for risk assessment of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Large-scale trials are needed to confirm these results and to determine the predictive value of this technique for risk stratification.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-187
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume134
Issue number2 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997

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