Attitude of Muslim minority in Spain towards Islamic finance

Abdulkader Kaakeh, M. Kabir Hassan, Stefan F. van Hemmen Almazor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


© 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited. Purpose: This paper aims to use a theoretical model based on the theory of reasoned actions to investigate the effects of attitude, religious motivation, awareness and service and pricing on the intention to use Islamic banking among the Muslim minority in Spain. It also aims to determine the profile of a potential Islamic banking customer among this minority. Design/methodology/approach: The research focuses on a survey of Muslims living in Barcelona, Spain, who know of the existence of Islamic finance but do not have access to it. The research uses factor analysis and logit regression to analyse the data. Findings: The results show that attitude, religious motivation and awareness are important factors affecting the intention to use Islamic banking. The study also shows that the potential Islamic banking customer in Spain is a Muslim (Spanish, Moroccan or Pakistani), male, and did not reach university degree in his education. Research limitations/implications: The sample has 154 participants living in Barcelona, with the rest of Spain being ignored, although results should apply to all Muslims in Spain. Also, this study does not consider attitude as a moderator. Practical implications: The research shows the potential for Islamic banks in the Spanish market and the possibility of raising awareness about Islamic banking. Social implications: Islamic banking in Spain could help the Muslim minority to participate effectively in financial activities, thus leveraging their capacity to integrate into the community. The study also highlights the importance of empowering the women in this minority and could help society by encouraging off-banking money to flow into the financial sector. Originality/value: The research is the first empirical attempt to test the factors affecting the intention among Muslims in Spain to deal with Islamic banking. The study also highlights the importance of Islamic finance for Muslim minorities as a method to support their religious identity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-230
JournalInternational Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Islamic banking
  • Islamic finance
  • Spain
  • behavioural finance


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