© The Author 2014. Objectives: To assess LDL subfraction phenotype and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) in naive HIV-infected patients starting atazanavir/ritonavir or darunavir/ritonavir plus tenofovir/emtricitabine. Methods: This was a substudy of a multicentre randomized study. Standard lipid parameters, LDL subfraction phenotype (by gradient gel electrophoresis) and Lp-PLA2 activity (by 2-thio-PAF) were measured at baseline and weeks 24 and 48. Multivariate regression analysis was performed. Results are expressed as the median (IQR). Results: Eighty-six (atazanavir/ritonavir, n=45; darunavir/ritonavir, n=41) patients were included: age 36 (31-41) years; 89% men; CD4 319 (183-425) cells/mm3; and Framingham score 1% (0%-2%). No differences in demographics or lipidmeasurements were found at baseline. At week 48, a mild but significant increase in total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol was observed in both arms, whereas LDL cholesterol increased only in the darunavir/ritonavir arm and triglycerides only in the atazanavir/ritonavir arm. The apolipoprotein A-I/apolipoprotein B ratio increased only in the atazanavir/ritonavir arm. At week 48, the LDL subfraction phenotype improved in the darunavir/ritonavir arm (increase in LDL particle size and in large LDL particles), whereas it worsened in the atazanavir/ritonavir arm (increase in small and dense LDL particles, shift to a greater prevalence of phenotype B); the worsening was related to the greater increase in triglycerides in the atazanavir/ritonavir arm. No changes in total Lp-PLA2 activity or relative distribution in LDL or HDL particles were found at week 48 in either arm. Conclusions: In contrast with what occurred in the atazanavir/ritonavir arm, the LDL subfraction phenotype improved with darunavir/ritonavir at week 48. This difference was associated with a lower impact on plasma triglycerides with darunavir/ritonavir.
|Journal||Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 16 Sep 2014|
- LDL size
- LDL subfraction phenotype
- Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2