Associations among Anxiety Disorders and Non-anxiety Disorders, Functional Impairment and Medication in Children and Adolescents

Lourdes Ezpeleta, Josep Toro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This is a study of comorbid anxiety disorders and how they affect the clinical picture of comorbid cases. The sample consisted of 576 Spanish children aged 8 to 17 years receiving psychiatric outpatient consultation that were evaluated using a semi-structured diagnostic interview for both parents and children. A specific association of homotypic comorbidity among anxiety disorders that was independent of the presence of other disorders was found. There was heterotypic comorbidity between anxiety and depressive disorders, ADHD, anorexia and tic disorders. Relationships between non-anxiety disorders were, in general, independent of anxiety, but anxiety moderated the relationship between ADHD-Conduct disorder and Conduct disorder-enuresis. Comorbid anxiety increased difficulties in social interaction, was related with higher global impairment and had an impact on consultation and medication. Anxiety disorder comorbidity should be well recognized in order not to disregard the treatment of all present disorders. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-177
JournalJournal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Volume31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Comorbidity
  • Consultation
  • Functional impairment
  • Medication

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