Association of serum testosterone levels and testicular volume in adult patients

S. F. Ruiz-Olvera, O. Rajmil, J. R. Sanchez-Curbelo, J. Vinay, J. Rodriguez-Espinosa, E. Ruiz-Castañé

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    11 Citations (Scopus)


    © 2017 Blackwell Verlag GmbH A retrospective observational study was undertaken to gain new insight into the relationship between total testicular volume and levels of serum testosterone, luteinising hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, prolactin and clinical variables. A total of 312 men with sexual dysfunction or infertility were divided into groups A and B (156 each) on the basis of basal plasma testosterone ≤5 nmol/L of ≥12 nmol/L respectively. Group A was subclassified in A1 (primary hypogonadism) and A2 (secondary hypogonadism). There were significant differences in total testicular volume between group A (15.33 ± 11.94 ml) and group B (36.74 ± 6.9; p <.001) and also between subgroup A1 (11.07 ± 8.49 ml) and subgroup A2 (23.62 ± 13.04 ml; p <.001). Only 13.5% of patients in group B had a total testicular volume <30 ml. Differences in all studied parameters were found between group A and group B. There were no variations when comparing age, body mass index and testosterone in groups A1 and A2. The use of total testicular volume and body mass index together for predicting testosterone levels yields a sensitivity and specificity of 85.3% and 86.5% respectively. Logistic regression analysis, univariate and multivariate models, using the measurement of total testicular volume resulted in a high capacity to predict testosterone levels.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere12933
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018


    • hypogonadism
    • infertility
    • sexual dysfunction
    • testicular volume
    • testosterone

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