Association between psychopathological factors and joint hypermobility syndrome in a group of undergraduates from a French university

Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Marie Christine Gely-Nargeot, Antonio Bulbena Vilarrasa, Caroline Fenetrier, Jaime F. Bravo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To explore the frequency of Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) among university students and assess whether a relationship exists between this collagen condition and certain psychological variables. Method: A cross-sectional sample of 365 undergraduates at a French university was assessed with the Brighton's criteria for JHS, Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS), Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results: 39.5% of the participants met Brighton's criteria for JHS. Scores of somatosensory amplification were higher among participants with JHS (t = -2.98; p = 0.03) independent of gender. Female participants with JHS had higher scores in depression (t = -2.01; p = 0.04) and general anxiety (t = -2.35; p = 0.01) than women without JHS. The percentage of males with a medium/high level of social anxiety was greater among participants with JHS (78.6% vs. 41.7%; χ2 = 6.18; p = 0.01). Logistic regression demonstrated that male sex and low level of somatosensory amplification are variables contrary to the presence of JHS. Conclusion: JHS is a frequent condition among young people evaluated. JHS is associated with psychological distress and higher levels of somatosensory amplification. © 2011, Baywood Publishing Co., Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-201
JournalInternational Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • depression
  • joint hypermobility
  • somatosensory amplification

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