Assessment of three commercial ELISAs for the detection of antibodies against Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus at different stages of the immune response

I. Díaz*, Joan Pujols, Esmeralda Cano, R. Cuadrado, N. Navarro, E. Mateu, M. Martín

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Three commercial ELISAs -two based on spike (E1 and E3) and one on nucleocapsid protein (E2)-were used to analyze the development and persistence of antibodies against Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). Seventy-five four-week-old PEDV-negative piglets were inoculated orally with a European G1b PEDV (INOC) and fourteen were kept as controls (CTRL). After the inoculation, E3 detected positive animals as soon as 7 days post inoculation (dpi), while the earliest detection with E1 and E2 was at 14 dpi. All samples were positive at 21 and 28 dpi using E1 and E3, respectively, while E2 failed to detect 23.3 % of the inoculated pigs at any time point. The percentages of positive samples were different through the study: E1 and E3 > E2 from 14 to 56 dpi; and E3 > E1 > E2 from 56 to 154 dpi (P < 0.05). Five months after the inoculation, E3 still detected 92.0 % (IC95 % = 85.1–98.8 %) of pigs as positive, while E1 and E2 detected only 27.0 % (IC95 % = 16.0–37.9 %) and 0%, respectively. The sensitivity for E2 never exceeded 0.62. Specificity was 1 for all ELISAs. These different outcomes could be related to the ELISA strategies (indirect versus competition), the antigens used, the cut-off, or to other intrinsic factors of each test. The observed differences could be of importance when assessing whether older animals, such as fatteners or gilts, had previously been in contact with PEDV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110206
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume234
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • ELISA
  • Nucleocapsid
  • Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus(PEDV)
  • Spike

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