Assessment of the psychometric properties of the scale of detection of existential loneliness in patients with advanced diseases

Silvia Viel Sirito, Joaquín T. Limonero, Jorge Maté Méndez, Dolors Mateo Ortega, Montserrat Bernaus Martí, Vanesa Castejón Itey, Cruz Sánchez Julvé, Jaume Martínez-Romans, Agustina Sirgo, Beatriz Rubio, Lourdes Forn Vilanova, Clara Fraguell, María José Gómez Romero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

Abstract

© 2019, Universidad Complutense de Madrid. All rights reserved. Aim: To analyze the psychometric properties and the clinical utility of the Scale of Existential Loneliness (EDSOL) in hospitalized patients with advanced disease. Method: To determine the psychometric properties of the scale, the EDSOL scale was administered along with other instruments to 103 adult patients with advanced diseases admitted to 5 palliative care units of Catalan hospitals. Results: The scale presents an excellent reliability measured through Cronbach’s alpha (0.902) and adequate temporal stability (r = 0.71). The scale showed positive and significant correlations with anxiety and depression of the HADS scale and with the overall score of HADS, as well as with the clinical psychological assessment (p <0.01). Through the statistical analysis of the ROC curves, it was determined that the scale had a sensitivity of 79.8% and a specificity of 74.6% and it is suggested that the cut-off point for the detection of EDSOL be a score of 5. Conclusions: The EDSOL scale has good psychometric properties, is simple, brief, reliable and easy to administer. We consider that is an useful scale to detect the presence of existential loneliness in hospitalized patients suffering from advanced diseases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-176
JournalPsicooncologia
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Advanced disease
  • Existential loneliness
  • Existential suffering
  • Psychometric properties
  • Screening
  • Sensitivity
  • Specificity

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