© 2016 European Academy of Neurology. Background and purpose: Enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS) have been recently considered a feature of cerebral small vessel disease. They have been related to aging, hypertension and dementia but their relationship with hypertension related variables (i.e. target organ damage, treatment compliance) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is not fully elucidated. Our aims were to investigate the relation between basal ganglia (BG) and centrum semiovale (CSO) EPVS with vascular risk factors, hypertension related variables and MCI. Methods: In all, 733 hypertensive individuals free of stroke and dementia from the Investigating Silent Strokes in Hypertensives, a magnetic resonance imaging Study (ISSYS) underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging and cognitive testing to diagnose MCI or normal cognitive aging. Results: The numbers of participants presenting high grade (>10) EPVS at the BG and CSO were 23.3% and 40.0%, respectively. After controlling for vascular risk factors, high grade BG EPVS were associated with age (odds ratio 1.68; 95% confidence interval 1.37, 2.06), poor antihypertensive compliance (1.49; 1.03, 2.14) and the presence of microalbuminuria (1.95; 1.16, 3.28), whereas in the CSO only age (1.38; 1.18, 1.63) and male sex were associated with EPVS (1.73; 1. 24, 2.42). MCI was diagnosed in 9.3% of the participants and it was predicted by EPVS in the BG (1.87; 1.03, 3.39) but not in the CSO. This last association was greatly attenuated after correction for lacunes and white matter hyperintensities. Conclusions: Basal ganglia EPVS are associated with the presence of microalbuminuria and poor adherence to antihypertensive drugs. The BG EPVS relation with MCI is not independent of the presence of other cerebral small vessel disease markers.
- Cerebral small vessel disease
- Cognitive impairment
- Enlarged perivascular spaces