© 2018 In vitro models of the intestinal barrier are being increasingly used to evaluate nanoparticles (NPs) exposure risk. Nevertheless, most of these studies have focused on short-term exposures lasting no more than 24 h of duration, which could underestimate the toxic effects of a given compound under a more realistic setting. Since the assessment of longer exposure time-points is crucial to evaluate the risk of cumulative exposure to NPs, we have analyzed the effects of AgNPs at different exposure time-points between 6 h and 4 days on the barrier model system constituted by Caco-2/HT29 cells. Our results indicate that i) the system is stable during this time frame; ii) AgNPs affect the barrier's integrity only at the highest concentration tested (100 μg/mL), and only after 96 h of exposure; iii) cellular uptake of AgNPs showed a time-dependent and concentration-dependent increase; iv) translocation through the barrier was only observed at the highest concentration and only after 96 h of exposure; v) the expression of genes involved in the barrier's structure differs depending on the exposure time analyzed. All these results reinforce our proposal of expanding exposure times beyond 24 h when performing assays for hazard assessment of NPs using in vitro models of the intestinal barrier.
- Barrier integrity
- Caco-2/HT29 cocultures
- Exposure time
- Silver nanoparticles
Saez-Tenorio, M., Domenech, J., García-Rodríguez, A., Velázquez, A., Hernández, A., Marcos, R., & Cortés, C. (2019). Assessing the relevance of exposure time in differentiated Caco-2/HT29 cocultures. Effects of silver nanoparticles. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 123, 258-267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2018.11.009