Assessing concentration changes of odorant compounds in the thermal-mechanical drying phase of sediment-likewastes from olive oil extraction

Diógenes Hernández, Héctor Quinteros-Lama, Claudio Tenreiro, David Gabriel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019 by the authors. In the industrial production of olive oil, both solid wastes and those produced from their incineration are a serious environmental problem since only 20% w/w of the fruit becomes oil and the rest is waste, mainly orujo and alperujo. A key aspect to transforming these wastes into an important source of energy such as pellets is to recognize the most appropriate time of the year for waste drying, with the objective of minimizing the environmental impact of the volatile compounds contained in the waste. In this work, the emissions produced during thermal-mechanical drying were studied throughout a period of six months of waste storage in which alperujo and orujo were stored in open containers under uncontrolled environmental conditions. The studied emissions were produced when both wastes were dried in a pilot rotary drying trommel at 450 °C to reduce their initial humidity of around 70-80% w/w to 10-15% w/w. Results indicated that when the storage time of the wastes in the uncontrolled environments increased, the emission of odorant compounds during drying also increased as a consequence of the biological and chemical processes occurring in the containers. The main odorant VOCs were quantified monthly for six months at the outlet of the drying trommel. It was determined that the drying of this type of waste could be carried out properly until the third month of storage. Afterwards, the concentration of most VOCs produced widely exceeded the odor thresholds of selected compounds.
Original languageEnglish
Article number519
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • ALPERUJO
  • EMISSIONS
  • OXIDATION
  • PRODUCT
  • VOLATILE COMPOUNDS
  • agroindustrial waste
  • alperujo and orujo
  • biomass drying
  • rotary dryer emissions
  • volatile organic compounds

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