Arteriosclerosis in paleopathology. Are macroscopic findings well known?

Mercè Subirana-Domènech, Juan Carlos Borondo-Alcázar, Núria Armentano-Oller, Gabriel Font Valsecchi, Ignasi Galtés Vicente, Josep Castellà-García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Although clinical atherosclerosis is fairly common, it is a surprisingly uncommon finding in anthropology. Several cases have been reported in the anthropological literature but most of them are referred to X-ray studies and to computerized tomographic imaging but, as far as we know, no macroscopic findings useful to anthropologists have been published before. We present a case of an adult male skeleton scattered on a wooded area with remains of partially mummified soft tissues between right tibia and fibula in which macroscopic findings showed a cylindrical structure that could be confused with a root or a branch. This cylindrical structure was diagnosed as an arterial segment and microscopic findings revealed calcified eccentric fibroatheromatosis.We hope this case will improve the knowledge of this macroscopic appearance and thus be useful to anthropologists. © 2012 Elsevier Inc..
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-248
JournalInternational Journal of Paleopathology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012


  • Forensic anthropology
  • Histopathology
  • Human remains
  • Vascular disease
  • Vascular structure


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