In the human heart, the moderator band, or trabecula septomarginalis, is a muscle column that courses inferiorly from the right portion of the interventricular septum to the base of the anterior papillary muscle of the right ventricle. This muscular structure is crossed by one or more arteries, which come from the anterior interventricular artery and perfuses the anterior papillary muscle of the right ventricle. In order to clarify the arterial supply of this muscle column, we studied 28 adult hearts, free of any signs of coronary disorder. The path of the moderator band artery was followed by means of microdissection, and we studied the source, course, and interconnections made with other arteries. We observed that the source of the moderator band artery lies in the first three anterior septal arteries, most often in the second one. In relation to the short axis of the heart, the artery of the moderator band can either follow a horizontal path to the septal papillary muscle of the right ventricle or an oblique route to the moderator band, depending on the position of its source. In all the hearts studied, the moderator band artery made anastomotic connections at the base of the anterior papillary muscle of the right ventricle with various branches of the right coronary artery, which means that it can play a key role in collateral circulation following obstruction of the epicardium coronary arteries. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Publication status||Published - 17 Jul 2000|
- Coronary anastomoses
- Coronary arteries
- Moderator band
- Right ventricle