This article is the result of our analytical effort to understand how extremely drastic urban interventions have been thought and practiced against the El Raval neighborhood of Barcelona in formally democratic periods. What we consider original of our analytical proposal is the identification of a kind of technocratic doxathat would have permeated urbanism –also Barcelona urbanism-from its beginnings and that will end up characterizing the acclaimed as well as the controversial “Barcelona Model”. The methodology used comes from historical anthropology and urban sociology. Our theoretical prism intersects historiographic perspectives such as biopolitics, sociological perspectives such as criticism of social engineering and urban planning perspectives suchas the reconfiguration of public space. It is argued here that rationalist urbanism would have approached the complex art of living in society from Cartesian formulas, accomplices to a large extent of the reification characteristic of positivist disciplines. We consider that this way of conceiving urbanism has been nourished by epistemologically inconsistent, simplifying and often authoritarian conceptual assumptions. The last part of the article identifies three of the social inertias that would be generated or driven by technocracy -not just urban planning technocracy: The obsessive tendency towards normalization and its perverse effects; the contradictions between the "solutions" and the "social problems" to be managed; and finally, the inclination to consider the street as a kind of battlefield and, therefore, the home as a refugee .
|Translated title of the contribution||Archeology of the Future in El Raval Neighborhood of Barcelona. About Three Inertias of Technocratic Urbanism and their Undesirable Effects|
|Journal||ACE Architecture, City and Environment|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Feb 2021|