# Approximation by amplitude and frequency operators

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## Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Inc. We study Padé interpolation at the node z=0 of functions f(z)=∑m=0∞fmzm, analytic in a neighbourhood of this node, by amplitude and frequency operators (sums) of the form ∑k=1nμkh(λkz),μk,λk∈C. Here h(z)=∑m=0∞hmzm, hm≠0, is a fixed (basis) function, analytic at the origin, and the interpolation is carried out by an appropriate choice of amplitudes μk and frequencies λk. The solvability of the 2n-multiple interpolation problem is determined by the solvability of the associated moment problem ∑k=1nμkλkm=fm/hm,m=0,2n-1-. In a number of cases, when the moment problem is consistent, it can be solved by the classical method due to Prony and Sylvester, moreover, one can easily construct the corresponding interpolating sum too. In the case of inconsistent moment problems, we propose a regularization method, which consists in adding a special binomial c1zn-1+c2z2n-1 to an amplitude and frequency sum so that the moment problem, associated with the sum obtained, can be already solved by the method of Prony and Sylvester. This approach enables us to obtain interpolation formulas with n nodes λkz, being exact for the polynomials of degree ≤2n-1, whilst traditional formulas with the same number of nodes are usually exact only for the polynomials of degree ≤n-1. The regularization method is applied to numerical differentiation and extrapolation.
Original language English 1-31 Journal of Approximation Theory 207 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jat.2016.02.005 Published - 1 Jul 2016

## Keywords

• Amplitude and frequency sum
• Bessel functions
• Discrete moment problem
• Extrapolation
• Interpolation
• Regularization

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