Applying cathodically polarised substrata to the restoration of a high value coral

Alessandro Benedetti, Lorenzo Bramanti, Georgios Tsounis, Marco Faimali, Giovanni Pavanello, Sergio Rossi, Josep Maria Gili, Giovanni Santangelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Larval settlement of the high value red coral, Corallium rubrum, was studied on three different CaCO3 substrata, viz. lithogenic (marble), electro-accreted calcium carbonate in the presence and in the absence of cathodic polarisation. The last two substrata consisted of stainless steel plates galvanically coupled with Zn anodes. The electrochemical characterization of the settlement device was studied in order to investigate correlations between cathodic parameters (polarisation potential, current density, calcareous deposit composition) and larval settlement. The results obtained in the natural habitat (at 35 m depth) showed that settlement was five times lower on the electroaccreted aragonite in the presence of low cathodic current densities (i ≤1 μA cm-2) compared to both marble tiles and electro-accreted aragonite in the absence of polarisation. These last two substrata showed similar settlement values. The implications of these findings on restoration strategies for C. rubrum are discussed. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)799-809
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2011


  • Artificial substrata
  • Cathodic polarisation
  • Corallium rubrum
  • Larval settlement
  • Octocoral
  • Restoration ecology


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