Applicability of the Rockall score in patients undergoing endoscopic therapy for upper gastrointestinal bleeding

X. Bessa, E. O'Callaghan, B. Ballesté, M. Nieto, A. Seoane, A. Panadès, D. J. Vazquez, M. Andreu, F. Bory

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    Abstract

    Background: The Rockall score is used to assess the prognosis of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Aim: To assess the applicability of the Rockall score in patients undergoing endoscopic therapy for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Methods: Retrospective evaluation of the Rockall score in the period 1995-2001. To evaluate the applicability of the Rockall system, two groups were created: group I (Rockall ≤ 5 points) and group II (Rockall ≥ 6 points). Results: Two hundred and twenty-two patients were included. The median age of patients was 65 ± 17 years. Hypotension and associated diseases were present in 20 and 50% of patients, respectively. Re-bleeding occurred in 50 patients (23%) whose median score was 7, whereas the median score of patients without re-bleeding was 6 (p = 0.14). There were 20 deaths (9%) with a median score of 8, whilst the median score of surviving patients was 6 (p < 0.001). Sixteen patients in group I (18.4%) and 34 in group II (25.2%) re-bled (p = 0.25). All the patients who died belong to group II with a Rockall score ≥ 6 (15% versus 0% in groups II and I, respectively, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The Rockall score can be used in patients who undergo therapeutic endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal bleeding to identify those with high risk for mortality. © 2005 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)12-17
    JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
    Volume38
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

    Keywords

    • Gastrointestinal bleeding
    • Rockall score

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    Bessa, X., O'Callaghan, E., Ballesté, B., Nieto, M., Seoane, A., Panadès, A., Vazquez, D. J., Andreu, M., & Bory, F. (2006). Applicability of the Rockall score in patients undergoing endoscopic therapy for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Digestive and Liver Disease, 38(1), 12-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2005.05.012