We prospectively studied the global applicability of liver transplantation in Catalonia, a region with a high rate of organ donation. We followed 232 adult patients assessed as possible candidates for liver transplantation over 12 months in the three hospitals that perform the procedure in this region. The liver disease leading to patient assessment was cirrhosis in most cases, alone (159 patients) or associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (57 patients). After being assessed, 150 patients (65%) were accepted for transplantation and included on the waiting list, and 82 (32%) were excluded. Death during the period of assessment, advanced tumoral disease, early stage of liver disease, and extrahepatic co-morbidities were the most important reasons for exclusion. The median time of assessment of patients accepted for transplantation was 40 days. Of the 150 patients included on the waiting list, 131 (87%) received transplants, 17 (11%) were removed from the list, and two were still waiting for transplantation at the end of the follow-up period. Death and tumor progression were the most important reasons for patients' removal from the waiting list. The median time on the waiting list was 59 days. In conclusion, among liver-transplant candidates the overall applicability of this therapy in Catalonia was relatively low (131 out of 232 transplant candidates finally underwent transplantation, 56%), and inadequate liver-transplant indications and death or tumor progression during the period of assessment or while the patient was on the waiting list were the most frequent reasons why liver transplantations did not proceed.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2003|
- Liver transplantation
- Waiting list