The degree of apoptosis in the livers of pigs with hepatitis due to naturally-occurring postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) was evaluated semi-quantitatively by immunohistochemical detection of the apoptotic marker cleaved caspase-3 (CCasp3). The amount and distribution of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) virus in the liver was evaluated using in situ hybridisation. Livers with mild, stage I hepatitis exhibited similar degrees of apoptosis to controls; those with stage II lesions had variable apoptotic rates, ranging from mild to high, and in livers with more severe, stage III hepatitis, high levels of hepatocyte apoptosis was a feature. Statistical analyses indicated a positive association between the rate of apoptosis, the severity of the hepatitis and the amount of PCV2 DNA in the liver. Double immunolabelling for CCasp3 and PCV2 DNA revealed a predominance of cells labelling only for PCV2, followed by fewer cells labelling only for CCasp3, and the least number labelling for both. The findings suggest that apoptosis, possibly triggered by PCV2 infection and/or hepatic inflammation, plays a key role in the pathogenesis of hepatitis in pigs with naturally-occurring PMWS. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2011|
- Cleaved caspase-3
- Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2)
- Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS)