Nerve growth factor (NGF) could be involved in the development of hyperalgesia as well as in nervous remodeling consequence of inflammation. Both dysmotility and increase of visceral sensitivity have been described in functional gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome. Trichinella spiralis-infected rats show an exacerbated spontaneous motility and a significant increase of the excitatory response to cholecystokinin (CCK), both associated with a reversible inflammatory process and the hypertrophy of the muscle layers. In this study we determined the intestinal expression of NGF mRNA by polymerase chain reaction and NGF by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We implanted serosal strain gauge transducers on duodenum, jejunum, and ileum of anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats to record circular muscle contractions. The experimental protocol included the evaluation of intestinal spontaneous motor activity (SMA), the response to CCK-8, and the ascending contraction induced by electrical mucosal stimulation. This protocol was performed in healthy and infected nontreated rats, in healthy rats with an NGF antibody treatment (1.6 mg/rat i.p.), and in infected rats with the same treatment applied at 0 or 3 days postinfection. NGF and NGF mRNA levels in the bowel were increased during inflammation. Although anti-NGF treatments did not prevent or reverse inflammatory response, the treatment was effective in preventing the motor alterations induced by the T. spiralis infection, i.e., inhibited increased SMA, reversed altered response to CCK, and reversed in part exacerbated response to electrical stimulation.
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Jul 2002|