Antidepressant use and stroke or mortality risk in the elderly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and purpose: Current evidence on antidepressant-related stroke or mortality risk is inconsistent. Because the elderly have the highest exposure to antidepressants, the aim was to quantify their association with stroke and mortality risks in this vulnerable population. Methods: Persons over 65 years old and registered in the Information System for Research in Primary Care of Catalonia during 2010–2015 comprised the study population. Antidepressant exposure was categorized into current-users, recent-users, past-users and antidepressant non-users (controls). The effect of antidepressant exposure on stroke or death, whichever came first, was analyzed by Cox regression adjusted for established risk factors. Results: Of the 1,068,117 participants included, 20% had antidepressant reimbursements during follow-up, 17% had a stroke and 3% died. The risk of experiencing stroke or death was higher in antidepressant current-users (hazard ratio [HR] 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02–1.06), recent-users (HR 3.34; 95% CI 3.27–3.41) and past-users (HR 2.06; 95% CI 2.02–2.10) compared to antidepressant non-users. Antidepressant current-use was associated with increased stroke (HR 1.56; 95% CI 1.50–1.61) but decreased mortality risk (HR 0.93; 95% CI 0.91–0.94). During antidepressant recent-use and past-use, both stroke and mortality risks were significantly increased compared to no antidepressant use. Conclusions: Antidepressant use may be associated with increased stroke risk in the elderly. When using antidepressants in this population, the potential risks should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-477
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Neurology
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Antidepressive Agents/adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Risk Factors
  • Stroke/epidemiology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Antidepressant use and stroke or mortality risk in the elderly'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this