© 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland. Agents targeting the insulin-like growth factor receptor type 1 (IGF1R) have shown antitumor activity. Based on the evidence for interaction between the IGF-1 and TRAIL pathways, we hypothesized that the combination of ganitumab (monoclonal antibody to IGF1R) with the pro-apoptotic death receptor 5 agonist, conatumumab, might increase antitumor response. Ganitumab and conatumumab were tested in combination in a Colo-205 xenograft model. Part 1 of the clinical study was a phase Ib program of three doses of conatumumab (1, 3, 15 mg/kg) in combination with 18 mg/kg ganitumab to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in patients with advanced solid tumors. Part 2 was conducted in six cohorts with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (squamous or non-squamous histology), colorectal cancer, sarcoma, pancreatic cancer, or ovarian cancer, treated at the recommended doses of the combination. The combination was significantly more active in the Colo-205 xenograft model than either single agent alone (p < 0.0015). In part 1 of the clinical study, no dose-limiting toxicities were observed and the MTD of conatumumab was 15 mg/kg in combination with 18 mg/kg ganitumab. In part 2, 78 patients were treated and there were no objective responses but 28 patients (36 %) had stable disease (median 46 days, range 0–261). The combination was well-tolerated with no new toxicities. In conclusion, the combination of ganitumab and conatumumab was well-tolerated but had no objective responses in the population tested. The successful future application of this combination of antitumor mechanisms may rely on the identification of predictive biomarkers.
- Death receptor
- Insulin-like growth factor receptor
- Monoclonal antibodies
- Targeted therapy