Most studies focusing on the antecedents and consequences of workplace bullying have used a cross-sectional design, which impedes determining the causality of the relationships. In the present work, we analyzed, by means of structural equation models, the relationship between workplace bullying and some variables that are considered antecedents (interpersonal confl icts, role ambiguity, role confl ict, and workplace social support) or consequences (health complaints and inclination to absenteeism from work) of this phenomenon. Multicenter study with two phases. The sample consisted of 696 employees from 66 centers. Workplace bullying was assessed by means of the «Mobbing-UNIPSICO» questionnaire, and the other variables with frequency scales. The cross-sectional models indicated a signifi cant association between role confl ict, workplace social support, and workplace bullying in both study periods. Concerning the longitudinal relationships, only workplace social support was a signifi cant predictor of workplace bullying, which, in turn, was a cross-sectional and longitudinal predictor of workers' health complaints. Our results show the mediating effect of workplace bullying between certain work conditions and health complaints, and it is recommendable to replicate these fi ndings in a multi-occupational sample.
|Translated title of the contribution||Antecedents and consequences of workplace bullying: a longitudinal analysis with a structural equation model|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|