ANKRD55 and DHCR7 are novel multiple sclerosis risk loci

Xavier Montalban, I. Alloza, D. Otaegui, A. Lopez De Lapuente, A. Antigüedad, J. Varadé, C. Nú̃ez, R. Arroyo, E. Urcelay, O. Fernandez, L. Leyva, M. Fedetz, G. Izquierdo, M. Lucas, B. Oliver-Martos, A. Alcina, A. Saiz, Y. Blanco, M. Comabella, J. OlascoagaF. Matesanz, K. Vandenbroeck*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Multiple sclerosis (MS) shares some risk genes with other disorders hallmarked by an autoimmune pathogenesis, most notably IL2RA and CLEC16A. We analyzed 10 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in nine risk genes, which recently emerged from a series of non-MS genome-wide association studies (GWAS), in a Spanish cohort comprising 2895 MS patients and 2942 controls. We identified two SNPs associated with MS. The first SNP, rs6859219, located in ANKRD55 (Chr5), was recently discovered in a meta-analysis of GWAS on rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and emerged from this study with genome-wide significance (odds ratio (OR)=1.35; P=2.3 × 10 -9). The second SNP, rs12785878, is located near DHCR7 (Chr11), a genetic determinant of vitamin D insufficiency, and showed a size effect in MS similar to that recently observed in Type 1 diabetes (T1D; OR=1.10; P=0.009). ANKRD55 is a gene of unknown function, and is flanked proximally by the IL6ST-IL31RA gene cluster. However, rs6859219 did not show correlation with a series of haplotype-tagging SNPs covering IL6ST-IL31RA, analyzed in a subset of our dataset (D′ < 0.31; r 2 < 0.011). Our results expand the number of risk genes shared between MS, RA and T1D.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-257
Number of pages5
JournalGenes and Immunity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012


  • ANKRD55
  • DHCR7
  • multiple sclerosis
  • Polymorphism
  • Susceptibility
  • Vitamin D


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