Anethol, cinnamaldehyde, and eugenol inclusion in feed affects postweaning performance and feeding behavior of piglets1

L. Blavi, D. Solà-Oriol, J. J. Mallo, J. F. Pérez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved. The early exposure of the fetus to certain volatiles may result in a further preference for these compounds later in life and could positively affect the acceptance of feed containing a similar flavor and the zootechnical responses. The study consisted of 2 trials to determine if including Fluidarom 1003 (a commercially flavored feed additive containing >25% anethol and cinnamaldehyde and >10% eugenol; Norel S.A., Madrid, Spain, Spain) in sow and postweaning piglet diets 1) provokes the presence or absence of 3 major volatile compounds (anethol, cinnamaldehyde, and eugenol) in amniotic fluid and milk, affecting piglet performance (BW, ADG, ADFI, and feed conversion ratio) after weaning, and 2) modifies creep feed consumption and feed preference in a 2-choice test. The major compounds, anethol, cinnamaldehyde, and eugenol, were detected in amniotic fluid; however, only traces were observed in milk. The inclusion of flavor in the sow diets improved piglet consumption and growth after weaning (P = 0.001). Furthermore, the positive reward associated with the flavor included in the sow diet was stronger when piglets were offered a nonflavored creep feed (P < 0.05). Therefore, early exposure of pigs’ fetuses to maternal dietary clues at the end of gestation might allow for conditioning pigs after weaning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5262-5271
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume94
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Anethol
  • Cinnamaldehyde
  • Creep feeding
  • Eugenol
  • Swine

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