Anemia, myopathy, and pansteatitis in vitamin E-deficient captive marmosets (Callithrix spp.)

C. Juan-Sallés, N. Prats, A. Resendes, M. Domingo, D. Hilton, J. M. Ruiz, M. M. Garner, X. Valls, A. J. Marco

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20 Citations (Scopus)


Five young adult pet marmosets (Callithrix spp.) were presented with weight loss (5/5); fecal retention (3/5); diarrhea (2/5); impaired locomotion (3/5); anemia (4/4); hypoproteinemia or hypoalbuminemia (3/4); elevations of creatine phosphokinase, lactic dehydrogenase, and alanine aminotransferase (3/4); and renal failure with hypercholesterolemia (2/4). All anemic marmosets had low serum vitamin E levels. The anemia responded to vitamin E and selenium therapy in two marmosets. One of the five marmosets died before presentation, and two others died despite therapy. The two marmosets necropsied had degenerative myopathy, pyogranulomatous pansteatitis, and increased erythrophagocytosis and hemosiderosis. The striated muscle and adipose tissue of both marmosets were negative for coxsackievirus ribonucleic acid by in situ hybridization. These findings suggest that vitamin E deficiency may be involved in the development of anemia, myopathy, and steatitis in callitrichids; however, in some marmosets, underlying diseases such as chronic colitis may have influenced the development of anemia and impaired vitamin E status.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-547
JournalVeterinary Pathology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2003


  • Anemia
  • Callithrix
  • Chronic colitis
  • Coxsackievirus
  • Degenerative myopathy
  • In situ hybridization
  • Marmosets
  • Steatitis
  • Vitamin E deficiency


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