Anderson Photon-Phonon Colocalization in Certain Random Superlattices

G. Arregui, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, C. M. Sotomayor-Torres, P. D. García

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    © 2019 American Physical Society. Fundamental observations in physics ranging from gravitational wave detection to laser cooling of a nanomechanical oscillator into its quantum ground state rely on the interaction between the optical and the mechanical degrees of freedom. A key parameter to engineer this interaction is the spatial overlap between the two fields, optimized in carefully designed resonators on a case-by-case basis. Disorder is an alternative strategy to confine light and sound at the nanoscale. However, it lacks an a priori mechanism guaranteeing a high degree of colocalization due to the inherently complex nature of the underlying interference processes. Here, we propose a way to address this challenge by using GaAs/AlAs vertical distributed Bragg reflectors with embedded geometrical disorder. Because of a remarkable coincidence in the physical parameters governing light and motion propagation in these two materials, the equations for both longitudinal acoustic waves and normal-incidence light become practically equivalent for excitations of the same wavelength. This guarantees spatial overlap between the electromagnetic and displacement fields of specific photon-phonon pairs, leading to strong light-matter interaction. In particular, a statistical enhancement in the vacuum optomechanical coupling rate, go, is found, making this system a promising candidate to explore Anderson localization of high frequency (∼20 GHz) phonons enabled by cavity optomechanics. The colocalization effect shown here unlocks the access to unexplored localization phenomena and the engineering of light-matter interactions mediated by Anderson-localized states.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number043903
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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    Arregui, G., Lanzillotti-Kimura, N. D., Sotomayor-Torres, C. M., & García, P. D. (2019). Anderson Photon-Phonon Colocalization in Certain Random Superlattices. Physical Review Letters, 122, [043903].