Analytical control of an esterification batch reaction between glycerine and fatty acids by near-infrared spectroscopy

Marcelo Blanco, Rafael Beneyto, Miguel Castillo, Marta Porcel

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Near-infrared spectroscopy was used to control an esterification reaction between glycerine and middle- or long-chain fatty acids performed in a laboratory-scale reactor. The process involves the initial formation of monoglycerides, which is followed by that of di- and triglycerides as well as transesterification. Establishing the end point of the process is critical with a view to ensuring that the end product will have the composition required for its intended use. PLS calibration was applied to industrial and laboratory-scale batch samples, and laboratory samples were additionally used to extend calibration ranges and avoid correlation between the concentration of the batch samples. In this way, PLS calibration models for glycerine, fatty acids, water, and mono-, di- and triglycerides, were constructed. The proposed method allows the reaction to be monitored in real time, thereby avoiding long analysis times, excessive reagent consumption and the obtainment of out-of-specification products. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-148
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume521
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2004

Keywords

  • Control esterification process
  • Multivariate calibration
  • NIR

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