Analysis of prenatal abuse in catalonia between the years 2011 and 2014

Jordi Garcia Garcia, Elena Campistol Mas, María Ángeles López-Vilchez, María José Morcillo Buscato, Antonio Mur Sierra

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 Asociación Española de Pediatría Introduction: Foetal abuse is that intentional or negligent act that causes a harmful effect to the foetus. It is a type of abuse difficult to diagnose and handle. Some indicators of suspicion are the absence of gestational control, the maternal consumption of toxic substances, or the problematic maternal social environment. Objective: To analyse the cases of foetal abuse registered in Catalonia between 2011 and 2014 to identify the risk profile. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on a sample of 222 cases of prenatal abuse registered in Catalonia between 2011 and 2014. Results: The mean maternal age was 28.11 years, with 63% of Spanish nationality, 76% were unemployed, 60% had not followed correct gestational control, 76% had previous pregnancy interruptions, 20% reported to have been mistreated by the partner, had history of social problems (76% social intervention, 30.5% previous child retention, 13% custody of the mother by the administration, 7% deprivation of liberty), with high rates of mother-to-child transmission of infection (HIV 4.95%, HCV 9%, HIV + HCV co-infection 1.8%), and 73% reported toxic use (in order of frequency, cannabis, cocaine and heroin). In newborns, the rate of prematurity (26.3%) is highlighted, as well as the diagnosis of withdrawal syndrome in 34 cases. Just over half (51.6%) of the infants are currently with their mother. Conclusions: In our reference population with a diagnosis of prenatal abuse, there are high rates of maternal toxic consumption, HIV-HCV infection, unemployment, history of previous social intervention, and poor gestational control.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-126
JournalAnales de Pediatria
Volume88
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Foetal abuse
  • Illicit drugs and pregnancy
  • Maternal behaviour
  • Prenatal abuse
  • Risk indicators
  • Social problems

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