© 2017 Elsevier Ltd The Landfill Directive (1999/31/EC) forces European States to reduce the amount of biodegradable municipal waste landfilled to 35% of 1995 levels. Mechanical-Biological Treatment (MBT) plants are the main alternative to waste incineration and landfilling. In this work, the waste treatment efficiency of six full-scale MBT facilities has been analysed using respiration indices (Dynamic Respiration Index and Cumulative Oxygen Consumption) to monitor plant performance. MBTs relying on anaerobic digestion plus composting achieved a high grade of stability on final compost (0.24 ± 0.09 mg O2 g−1 DM h−1 and 20 ± 9 mg O2 g−1 DM for dynamic respiration and cumulative consumption, respectively). On the contrary, MBTs relying only on composting showed a poor performance (1.3 ± 0.2 mg O2 g−1 DM h−1 and 104 ± 18 mg O2 g−1 DM for dynamic respiration and cumulative consumption, respectively). These results highlight the usefulness of respirometric balances to assess the performance of MBT full-scale plants.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2017|
- Anaerobic digestion
- Cumulative Respiration Index
- Dynamic Respiration Index