Analysis of ECs and related compounds in plasma: Artifactual isomerization and ex vivo enzymatic generation of 2-MGs

Antoni Pastor, Magí Farré, Montserrat Fitó, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Rafael De La Torre

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The analysis of peripheral endocannabinoids (ECs) is a good biomarker of the EC system. Their concentrations, from clinical studies, strongly depend on sample collection and time processing conditions taking place in clinical and laboratory settings. The analysis of 2-monoacylglycerols (MGs) (i.e., 2-arachidonoylglycerol or 2-oleoylglycerol) is a particularly challenging issue because of their ex vivo formation and chemical isomerization that occur after blood sample collection. We provide evidence that their ex vivo formation can be minimized by adding Orlistat, an enzymatic lipase inhibitor, to plasma. Taking into consideration the low cost of Orlistat, we recommend its addition to plasma collecting tubes while maintaining sample cold chain until storage. We have validated a method for the determination of the EC profile of a range of MGs and N-acylethanolamides in plasma that preserves the original isomer ratio of MGs. Nevertheless, the chemical isomerization of 2-MGs can only be avoided by an immediate processing and analysis of samples due to their instability during conservation. We believe that this new methodology can aid in the harmonization of the measurement of ECs and related compounds in clinical samples.-Pastor, A., M. Farré, M. Fitó, F. Fernandez- Aranda, and R. de la Torre. Analysis of ECs and related compounds in plasma: artifactual isomerization and ex vivo enzymatic generation of 2-MGs. J. Lipid Res. 2014. 55: 966-977. Copyright © 2014 by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)966-977
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • 2-arachidonoylglycerol
  • 2-monoacylglycerol
  • 2-oleoylglycerol
  • Endocannabinoids
  • Human
  • Orlistat
  • Validation

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