A voltammetric method is proposed for the simultaneous determination of tryptophan, cysteine, and tyrosine using multivariate calibration techniques. Various electrodes and voltammetric techniques were explored to ascertain the optimum measurement strategy. Among them, differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) with a Pt electrode was selected as analytical technique since it provided a suitable compromise between sensitivity and reproducibility while allowing the oxidation peaks of the three compounds to be reasonably discriminated. The sensitivity of DPV with Pt electrode for Trp standards was 8.4×10 -2Almol-1, the repeatability 3.7% and the detection limit below 10-7M. The lack of full selectivity of the voltammetric data was overcome using multivariate calibration methods on the basis of the differences in the voltammetric waves of each compound. The accuracy of predictions was evaluated preliminarily from the analysis of three-component synthetic mixtures. Subsequently, this method was applied to the analysis of oxidizable amino acids in feed samples. Results obtained were in good concordance with those given by the standard method using an amino acid analyzer. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Differential pulse voltammetry
- Multivariate calibration
- Oxidizable amino acids
- Partial least square regression