An inter-rater reliability study of the prescribing indicated medications quality indicators of the Assessing Care Of Vulnerable Elders (ACOVE) 3 criteria as a potentially inappropriate prescribing tool

Antonio San-José, Antonia Agustí, Xavier Vidal, José Barbé, Olga H. Torres, Nieves Ramírez-Duque, Juana García, Antonio Fernández-Moyano, Alfonso López-Soto, Francesc Formiga, Cristina Aguilera, Elena Ballarín, Eulàlia Pérez, Carmen Pérez Bocanegra, Ainhoa Toscano, Carme Pal, Teresa Teixidor, Mercedes Gómez Hernández, Rafael De la Rosa Morales, María Nicolás Benticuaga MartínezXavier Bosch, Ma José Palau, Joana Rovira, Margarita Navarro, David Chivite, Beatriz Rosón, Antonio Vallano, Carme Cabot, Isabel Ballesteros, Domingo Ruiz, Miquel Turbau, Paola Ponte, Gabriel Ortiz, Paula Carlota Rivas Cobas, Paloma Gil

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Abstract

Purpose: There are limited tools to assess potential prescribing omissions (PPOs) or underprescribing in the elderly. The ACOVE project defines comprehensive quality care indicators for older people and some of these indicators focused on appropriate use of medicines. The aim of the present study was to assess the inter-rater reliability between observers using the ACOVE 3 prescribing indicated medications indicators and compare it with the inter-rater reliability obtained for the Screening Tool of Older Person's Prescriptions (STOPP)/Screening Tool to Alert Doctors to Right Treatment (START) criteria. Methods: In the context of an observational and multicentric study of a cohort of 672 patients 75 years and older who were hospitalized in Internal Medicine services of seven Spanish hospitals, an inter-rater reliability study using the ACOVE selected indicators and the STOPP/START criteria was carried out between April 2011 and March 2012. Three patients were randomly selected in each participating hospital, one for each four months of study. Results: A total of 21 patients (mean (SD) age of 84.3 (5.6) years, 57.1% female) were included in the inter-rater reliability study. For the STOPP, START and ACOVE criteria, the median kappa coefficient for the seven hospital analyses was 0.97, 0.92 and 0.95, respectively. Out of 123 total indicators in only 7 (5.7%) was the kappa coefficient value below 0.75. Only for 2 (5.6%) of the 37 studies selected ACOVE quality indicators was the kappa coefficient value less than 0.75. Conclusions: A high inter-rater reliability was obtained for the selected underprescribing quality indicators of ACOVE 3. These quality indicators may be considered a useful tool in detecting underprescribing to the elderly patients. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)460-464
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2014

Keywords

  • Assessing care of vulnerable elders indicators
  • Inter-rater reliability
  • Older patients
  • Potentially prescribing omissions medicines
  • Prescribing indicated medications
  • Underprescribing

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