An epizootic of lead poisoning in greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber roseus) in Spain

Rafael Mateo, Joan Carles Dolz, José M. Aguilar Serrano, Josabel Belliure, Raimon Guitart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During November 1992 to March 1993, and November 1993 to February 1994, 106 greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber) were collected dead or moribund in the wetlands of El Fondo and Salinas de Santa Pola, eastern Spain. Birds still alive were emaciated and had a bile-stained diarrhea. On necropsy, they had liquid in the upper digestive tract and the walls of their gizzards were stained dark green. Fifty-three (93%) of 57 gizzards examined contained lead shot (range one to 277 shot), and fifty-five (96%) of 57 livers contained levels of lead greater than 5 μg/g dry weight (DW) (median = 192.3 μg/g DW, range <2.5 to 992.2 μg/g DW). © Wildlife Disease Association 1997.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-134
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997

Keywords

  • Greater flamingos
  • Lead poisoning
  • Lead shot ingestion
  • Liver lead concentration
  • Mortality
  • Phoenicopterus ruber
  • Spain

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