An empirical analysis of urban form, transport, and global warming

Fabio Grazi, Jeroen C.J.M. van den Bergh, Jos N. van Ommeren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


Does urban form affect travel choices and thus CO2 emissions by individuals? If this is the case, then urban form and policies that influence it deserve serious attention in the context of long-term climate policy. To address this issue, we examine the impact of urban density on commuting behavior, and the consequences for CO2 emissions. The empirical investigation is based on an instrumental variable approach (IV), so as to take account of endogeneity of residence location. We decompose travel demand into components related to modal split and commuting distance by each mode. Copyright © 2008 by the IAEE. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-122
JournalEnergy Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008


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