An analytical method for lubricant quality control by NIR spectroscopy

David Zamora, Marcelo Blanco, Manel Bautista, Rufí Mulero, Miquel Mir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The excellent compatibility of polyol esters (POEs) with general fluids coolants such as CO2 and non-chlorinated coolants (e.g. hydrofluorocarbons, HFCs) in terms of solubility, miscibility and chemical stability has fostered their use as lubricants by the refrigeration industry. The most widely used POEs bases consist of esters of polyalcohols - such as pentaerythritol, dipentaerythritol and neopentylglycol - with mixtures of carboxylic acids of 4-10 carbon atoms. Their thermophysical properties (viscosity mainly) are crucial with a view to producing efficient lubricants for specific applications. Usually, POE formulations, which usually contain several bases, are characterized in terms of global indices. In this work, we developed a methodology based on NIR spectroscopy for the characterization and analysis of lubricant formulations. The products, including lubricant bases and lubricant formulations, are characterized by reference to two spectral libraries that are used to identify as the starting lubricant bases as well as the lubricant formulations. It has been proposed to build libraries in cascade for the differentiation of lubricant formulations without and with low content in additives. Once the identification of the formulation is applied PLS multivariate models are used to determine the components of a lubricant formulation and its viscosity. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-483
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2012


  • Cascading libraries identification
  • Lubricants
  • NIR spectroscopy
  • PLS models
  • POEs
  • Viscosity


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