Amygdala-dependent molecular mechanisms of the Tac2 pathway in fear learning

Raü Andero, Sarah Daniel, Ji Dong Guo, Robert C. Bruner, Shivani Seth, Paul J. Marvar, Donald Rainnie, Kerry J. Ressler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


© 2016 American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. Recently we determined that activation of the tachykinin 2 (Tac2) pathway in the central amygdala (CeA) is necessary and sufficient for the modulation of fear memories. The Tac2 pathway includes the Tac2 gene, which encodes the neuropeptide neurokinin B and its corresponding receptor neurokinin 3 receptor (NK3R). In this study, using Tac2-cre and Tac2-GFP mice, we applied a combination of in vivo (optogenetics) and multiple in vitro techniques to further explore the mechanisms of action within the Tac2 pathway. In transgenic mice that express ChR2 solely in Tac2 neurons, in vivo optogenetic stimulation of CeA Tac2-expressing neurons during fear acquisition enhanced fear memory consolidation and drove action potential firing in vitro. In addition, Tac2-CeA neurons were shown to co-express striatal-enriched protein tyrosine phosphatase, which may have an important role in regulating Nk3R signaling during fear conditioning. These data extend our current understanding for the underlying mechanism(s) for the role of the Tac2 pathway in the regulation of fear memory, which may serve as a new therapeutic target in the treatment of fear-related disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2714-2722
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


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