Novel polishable immunosensors based on rigid biocomposite materials have been constructed. These biocomposites contain graphite powder, rabbit IgG, and methacrylate or epoxy resins. This material acts as a reservoir for the biological molecules and as a transducer at the same time. In order to study the potential analytical properties of this new type of material, a competitive binding assay was developed to determine the RIgG present in a sample with the aid of goat anti-rabbit IgG labeled with alkaline phosphatase. Using phenyl phosphate as a substrate, the phenol produced by the enzymatic reaction was amperometrically detected at 800 mV (vs Ag/AgCl). The surface of the immunosensor can be regenerated by simply polishing, obtaining fresh immunocomposite ready to be used in a new competitive assay. © 1997 American Chemical Society.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1997|