Amperometric glucose biosensor based on an electrocatalytically bulk-modified epoxy-graphite biocomposite

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An inexpensive, robust, polishable and easily machinable amperometric glucose transducer was constructed. The biocomposite materials used were graphite, palladium-gold, non-conducting epoxy resin and glucose oxidase. The enzyme retains its bioactivity in the rigid epoxy-graphite matrix. The electrocatalytic oxidation of hydrogen peroxide is enhanced by gold-palladium and it is used as the analytical signal (at 900 mV vs. Ag/AgCl in a pH 7.00 buffered solution with 0.1 M phosphate and 0.1 M KCl). This biosensor exhibits a linear response to glucose in the 0.01-2 mM range and produces steady-state signals within a few seconds (6 s for 95% signal). Simple polishing procedures can be used to generate a fresh bioactive transducer surface. © 1993.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-26
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume284
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 1993

Keywords

  • Amperometry
  • Biocomposites
  • Biosensors
  • Catalytic methods
  • Epoxy-graphite biocomposite
  • Glucose biosensor

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