Alternative Techniques for Measuring Nutrient Digestion in Ruminants

Marshall D. Stern, Alex Bach, Sergio Calsamiglia

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    125 Citations (Scopus)


    Because in vivo measurement of nutrient digestion in the rumen and small intestine requires ruminally and intestinally cannulated animals that are expensive, labor-intensive, and subject to error associated with markers and inherent animal variation, alternative techniques have been developed. Researchers have proposed various in situ or in vitro procedures for estimating ruminal and small intestinal nutrient digestion. This review summarizes these alternative techniques.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2256-2276
    JournalJournal of Animal Science
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997


    • Digestion
    • In Vitro
    • Nutrients
    • Rumen
    • Small Intestine


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