Altered amplitude of low frequency fluctuations in schizophrenia patients with persistent auditory verbal hallucinations

Anna Alonso-Solís, Yolanda Vives-Gilabert, Maria J. Portella, Mireia Rabella, Eva M. Grasa, Alexandra Roldán, Alejandro Keymer-Gausset, Conrad Molins, Fidel Núñez-Marín, Beatriz Gómez-Ansón, Enric Alvarez, Iluminada Corripio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. The aim of this study is to analyze the differences in low frequency fluctuation (LFF) values between schizophrenia patients with and without auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). Nineteen schizophrenia patients with persistent AVH (HP), fourteen non-hallucinating schizophrenia patients (nHP) and twenty healthy controls (HC) underwent R-fMRI. LFF values were calculated in the slow frequency band (0.01–0.08 Hz). By means of group level contrasts, we performed direct voxel-wise group comparisons. Both groups of patients showed decreased amplitude LFF (ALFF) values in the occipital pole and lingual gyrus compared to HC, whereas increased ALFF values were found in the temporal pole and fusifom gyrus. Schizophrenia patients exhibited decreased fractional ALFF (fALFF) values in the precuneus, occipital pole and bilateral occipital cortex, and increased fALFF in the insula compared to HC. There were also differences between patients with and without AVH. (Ok to start with lower case?) fALFF values were higher in the putamen and insular cortex and lower in the frontal pole in HP compared to nHP and HC. ALFF increased in HP patients in the bilateral thalamus and bilateral parahippocampal gyrus, compared to nHP patients and HC. Our results suggest that altered dynamics in low-frequency fluctuations may play a key role in the neurophysiology of auditory hallucinations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume189
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Auditory hallucinations
  • Low frequency fluctuations
  • Resting state fMRI
  • Schizophrenia

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