Almost free modules and Mittag-Leffler conditions

Dolors Herbera, Jan Trlifaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Drinfeld recently suggested to replace projective modules by the flat Mittag-Leffler ones in the definition of an infinite dimensional vector bundle on a scheme X (Drinfeld, 2006 [8]). Two questions arise: (1) What is the structure of the class D of all flat Mittag-Leffler modules over a general ring? (2) Can flat Mittag-Leffler modules be used to build a Quillen model category structure on the category of all chain complexes of quasi-coherent sheaves on X?We answer (1) by showing that a module M is flat Mittag-Leffler, if and only if M is א 1-projective in the sense of Eklof and Mekler (2002) [10]. We use this to characterize the rings such that D is closed under products, and relate the classes of all Mittag-Leffler, strict Mittag-Leffler, and separable modules. Then we prove that the class D is not deconstructible for any non-right perfect ring. So unlike the classes of all projective and flat modules, the class D does not admit the homotopy theory tools developed recently by Hovey (2002) [26]. This gives a negative answer to (2). © 2012 Elsevier Inc..
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3436-3467
JournalAdvances in Mathematics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2012


  • א -Projective module 1
  • Deconstructible class
  • Kaplansky class
  • Mittag-Leffler module
  • Model category structure
  • Quasi-coherent sheaf


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