Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) after a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) protocol is associated with decreased short-term toxicity. This suggests that the procedure could be performed on an outpatient basis. We analysed the incidence and risk factors of grade ≥2 conditioning-related toxicities (CRTs) as a hallmark for hospital admission, in 41 consecutive patients allografted from an HLA identical sibling after RIC. The RIC regimen consisted of fludarabine plus melphalan for lymphoid malignancies, and fludarabine plus busulphan for myeloid malignancies. In all, 11 patients (27%) did not experience any toxicity. The more frequent CRTs observed were neutropenic fever and gastrointestinal toxicity. The median duration of hospitalisation was 27 (range, 17-50) days. If allo-SCT had been planned as an outpatient procedure and admission indicated only in the case of ≥2 CRTs, the inpatient period would have decreased to 9 (range, 0-33) days (P<0.001). No risk factors for CRTs were identified. Allo-SCT after an RIC regimen is a well-tolerated procedure. Our results warrant a prospective pilot trial of nonmyeloablative allo-SCT performed in the outpatient setting.
- Allogeneic stem cell transplantation
- Conditioning-related toxicities
- Outpatient transplantation