Alcohol use disorder and cognitive impairment in old age patients: A 6 months follow-up study in an outpatient unit in Barcelona

Elena Ros-Cucurull, Raúl Felipe Palma-Álvarez, Cristina Cardona-Rubira, Elena García-Raboso, Carlos Jacas, Lara Grau-López, Alfonso Carlos Abad, Laia Rodríguez-Cintas, Salvador Ros-Montalbán, Miguel Casas, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Carlos Roncero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. There has been little research about deleterious effects, including cognitive impairment, related to hazardous long-term alcohol use in old adults. This study aims to assess cognitive decline in old patients with alcohol use disorder and changes in cognitive state at 6 months follow-up, achieving or not abstinence. A six-month follow-up study was conducted in an outpatient center in Barcelona on a sample of old adults (≥65 years old) who had hazardous alcohol use. The sample was compared with healthy volunteers adjusted for age, sex and years of education. A neuropsychological protocol was performed at baseline and after 6 months follow-up covering four cognitive domains: attention, visuospatial abilities, memory and executive functions. Several domains were significant impaired at baseline: visual immediate and delayed recall, working memory, immediate verbal learning, total words learned, set switching and sustained attention. At 6 months reassessment, alcohol abstinence was achieved in 93.5% of patients and it was detected a trend towards improvement in direct mean scores of all cognitive areas, although it was not significant. The current study points out a cognitive impairment in many areas secondary to alcohol long-term hazardous use in old adults. A trend towards cognitive improvement after recovery was detected in most patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-366
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume261
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Alcohol use
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Executive functions
  • Neuropsychology
  • Old adults

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