The comparative concentration profiles of the (+) and (-) albendazole sulphoxide (ABZSO) enantiomers obtained in plasma and in selected target tissues/fluids after intravenous (i.v.) administration of a racemic formulation of ricobendazole (RBZ) to cattle were characterised. Fourteen Holstein calves received RBZ (racemic solution, 150 mg/mL) by i.v. administration at 7.5 mg/kg. Jugular blood samples were collected over 48 h post-treatment (plasma kinetic trial) and two animals were sacrificed at either 4, 12, 20, 28 or 32 h post-treatment to obtain samples of abomasal/small intestine mucosal tissue, abomasal/small intestine fluids, bile, liver and lung tissue (tissue distribution study). The (-)ABZSO enantiomer was depleted significantly faster from plasma compared with the (+)ABZSO antipode. The plasma AUC for (+)ABZSO (38.3 μg · h/mL) was significantly higher (P < 0.05) compared with that obtained for (-)ABZSO (20.5 μg · h/mL). The (+)ABZSO enantiomer was the predominant antipode measured in bile, abomasal fluid and abomasal mucosa. For instance, at 12 h post-treatment the (+)/(-) concentration ratios were: 12.9 (plasma), 1.62 (abomasal mucosa), 13.0 (abomasal fluid), 2.92 (intestinal mucosa), 9.87 (intestinal fluid) and 21.5 (bile). No marked differences between the concentration profiles of both enantiomers were observed in the liver tissue. Albendazole (ABZ) was recovered from the liver, lung and gastrointestinal (GI) mucosal tissues of RBZ-treated calves up to 32 h post-treatment, probably produced by a GI microflora-mediated sulphoreduction of RBZ. An enantioselective kinetic behaviour may account both for the faster depletion of the (-) enantiomer and for the higher availabilities of the (+) antipode observed in plasma and in most of the tissues/fluids investigated. The simultaneous evaluation of the plasma kinetics and tissue concentration profiles of both enantiomeric forms reported here, may help to interpret the relationship between chiral behaviour and pharmacological action for sulphoxide derivatives of benzimidazole (BZD) methylcarbamate anthelmintics.
|Journal||Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Jul 2001|