Airflow limitation in patients with heart failure: Prevalence and associated factors

Aida Muñoz-Ferrer, Laura Rodriguez-Pons, Ignasi Garcia-Olivé, Josep Lupón, Marta de Antonio, Mar Domingo, Pedro Moliner, Elisabet Zamora, Evelyn Santiago, Antoni Bayes-Genis, Jorge Abad

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Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier España, S.L.U. Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heart failure (HF) are 2 diseases with high morbidity and mortality. The coexistence of these two diseases is estimated to be frequent, but has been poorly studied. Aim: To study the prevalence of airflow limitation in a sample of patients diagnosed with HF in follow-up in an HF unit and to assess their characteristics and comorbidities. Methods: This is a prospective observational study. The patients who visited the HF Unit of the Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol between January 2014 and June 2015 were included consecutively. Respiratory functional tests were performed and clinical data were obtained. Results: 118 patients were included in the study (age 67.2 years, 77.1% men). The prevalence of non-reversible airflow obstruction was 36.4%, with an underdiagnosis percentage of 67.4%. Patients with airflow limitation had an increase in comorbidities, but no worse prognosis. Conclusion: The prevalence of airflow limitation in patients with HF is high, with a significant degree of underdiagnosis. It seems reasonable to recommend performing a screening spirometry in these patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-195
JournalMedicina Clinica
Volume153
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Airflow limitation
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Comorbidity
  • Heart failure
  • Prevalence
  • Prognosis

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    Muñoz-Ferrer, A., Rodriguez-Pons, L., Garcia-Olivé, I., Lupón, J., de Antonio, M., Domingo, M., Moliner, P., Zamora, E., Santiago, E., Bayes-Genis, A., & Abad, J. (2019). Airflow limitation in patients with heart failure: Prevalence and associated factors. Medicina Clinica, 153, 191-195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medcli.2018.11.016